Union Public Service Commission

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) (External website that opens in a new window) has been established under Article 315 of the Constitution of India. The major role played by the Commission is to select personnel to man the various Central Civil Services and posts and the services common to the Union and States (viz. All India Services (External website that opens in a new window)).

The UPSC (External website that opens in a new window) has been entrusted with the following roles and duties under Article 320 and 321:

  • Recruitment to services and posts under the Union by conducting competitive examinations;
  • Recruitment to services & posts under the Central Government through Interviews;
  • Advising on the suitability of officers for appointment on promotion as well as transfer-on-deputation;
  • Advising the Government on all matters relating to methods of Recruitment to various services and posts, also framing and amending Recruitment rules;
  • Disciplinary cases relating to different civil services;
  • Miscellaneous matters relating to grant of extra ordinary pensions, reimbursement of legal expenses etc.

Examinations Conducted by UPSC:

Civil Services

Entry into the IFS, IAS, IPS and the Central Services, Group A and Group B is through the All India Combined Competitive Examination.

Indian Forest Service Examination (External website that opens in a new window)

India is one of the first countries in the world to have started scientific management of its forests. UPSC conducts the Indian Forest Service Exam every year for recruiting officers for the Indian Forest Service (External website that opens in a new window), which protects and conserves forest resources.

Indian Economic Service / Indian Statistical Service (External website that opens in a new window)

Indian Economic/Statistical Services Exam (External website that opens in a new window) is conducted to recruit officers for the Indian Statistical Service (ISS) (External website that opens in a new window) and Indian Economic Service (IES) (External website that opens in a new window), which are involved in economic planning and analysis through state boards, Planning Commission and other government owned bodies in the country.

Technical/Medical Services

Engineering Services Examination (External website that opens in a new window)

The Combined Engineering Services Examination is conducted by the UPSC (External website that opens in a new window) every year for recruitment to the four categories of Engineering services:

  • Civil Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Electronics & telecommunication Engineering

Geologist Examination (External website that opens in a new window)

This examination is held for the recruitment of Geologists and Hydro-geologists for the following two categories:

Combined Medical Services Examination (External website that opens in a new window)

The Combined Medical Services Examination is conducted by the UPSC (External website that opens in a new window) for recruitment to the following five categories:

Defence Services

Indian defence jobs fall under this broad category. Combined Defence Services exam is conducted by UPSC (External website that opens in a new window) twice every year for recruitment to officer cadre of the Navy (External website that opens in a new window), the Army (External website that opens in a new window) and the Air Force (External website that opens in a new window).

Candidates appearing at the degree or equivalent examination also eligible to compete. Such candidates will be required to submit the proof of passing the requisite qualifying examination by a date to be specified in the Commission's Notice for the Examination. For detailed information click here (External website that opens in a new window).

Railways

Special Class Railway Apprentices Examination (External website that opens in a new window) is conducted to recruit candidates for the Mechanical Department (External website that opens in a new window) of the Indian Railways. This is a Class-I service and these officials constitute the top rung cadre of the mechanical wing of the Indian Railways.

Railway Recruitment Control Board recruits Group 'C' personnel for different Zonal Railways/Production Units. In all, there are 19 (nineteen) RRBs (External website that opens in a new window), which cater to the respective zonal staffing requirements. Based on the indents received, employment notifications are released in Employment News (External website that opens in a new window) (a publication of the Government of India) and indicative advertisements in other News Papers. There are generally two notifications in a year by each RRB. For more information click here (External website that opens in a new window)

Police Forces

UPSC (External website that opens in a new window) conducts the Central Police Forces (Assistant Commandants) Examination for the recruitment of Assistant Commandants (Group A) in the following services:

Non Technical Examination

Section Officers'/ Stenographers' (Grade 'B'/Grade -I) Limited Departmental Competitive Examination

Useful Links for UPSC: