• The Vice President of India, Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu was on an official Visit to Serbia, Malta and Romania from September 14-20, 2018 and returned today after a successful official visit.

    The visit was characterised by extremely cordial discussions with Heads of Governments, PMs and other senior political leaders.

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    Prime Minister laying the foundation stone of IICC


    The Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, today laid the foundation stone for India International Convention and Expo Centre (IICC) at Dwarka, New Delhi.

  • On the basis of the result of the written part of the Combined Geo-Scientist and Geologist Examination-2018 held by the Union Public Service Commission in June & July, 2018, the candidates with the under mentioned Roll Numbers have qualified for Interview/Personality Test.

  • The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) and Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), Department of Space signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) here today for setting up of an state-of-the-art Integrated Control Room for Emergency Response (ICR-ER) in Ministry of Home Affairs.

  • The Union Minister for Human Resource Development Shri Prakash Javadekar today addressed the National Workshop on Graded Autonomy for Vice Chancellors of Universities at New Delhi. While addressing the workshop Shri Javadekar said that “Autonomy is crucial for the Higher Educational Institutions to achieve excellence and the Government is committed to ensure autonomy of our Universities”.

  • The Appointments Committee of Cabinet has approved the appointment of Shri A. Gitesh

    Sarma,  (IFS:1986) as Secretary (West) in the Ministry of External Affairs.

  • Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, here today exchanged the MoUs with the Tata Trusts and Dell to provide a technological platform fornationwide prevention, control, screening and management program of Non Communicable Diseases (NCDs).

  • The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, today laid the foundation stone for India International Convention and Expo Centre (IICC) at Dwarka, New Delhi.

    Speaking on the occasion, the Prime Minister said that this Centre would reflect India’s economic progress, rich cultural heritage, and our consciousness towards environment protection.

  • The deep depression over west central Bay of Bengal moved west-northwestwards in past six hours with a speed about 12 kmph. It lay centred at 1130 hrs IST of today, the 20th September, 2018 over west central Bay of Bengal near latitude 17.60N and longitude 86.80E, about 290 km east-southeast of Kalingapatnam (Coastal Andhra Pradesh) and about 270 km southeast of Gopalpur (Odisha).

  • Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully flight tested the indigenously developed surface-to-surface tactical missile ‘Prahar’, from Launch Complex-III, ITR, Balasore, today. Range stations and electro optical systems tracked the missile throughout its flight.

  • The Ministry of Tourism clarifies that the Foreign Tourist Arrivals (FTAs) in India from the USA during the year 2017 have registered a positive growth of 6.17% over the year 2016. The FTAs from USA in India has never declined since the year 2010.

  • Chairman and Managing Director, SAIL Saraswati Prasad has said the persistent strategic approach to improve operational profitability assisted SAIL to improve the EBIDTA in FY’18 to Rs 5,184 Crore, a substantial increase over FY’17.

  • In a bid to understand and address the challenges faced by the district administrations in implementing skill programs and help develop capacities, Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas & Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Shri Dharmendra Pradhan has approved a plan for visits of the senior officers of the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurships to the ‘Aspirational Districts’ between October 2, 2018 and January 26, 2019.

  • Gurugram Zonal Unit of the Directorate General of GST Intelligence (DGGI) have arrested two businessmen, namely, Sh. Vikas Goel, Director of M/s Mica Industries Ltd, Delhi and Bhiwadi& M/s. Satellite Cables Pvt Ltd., Bhiwadi and Sh. Raju Singh Proprietor of M/s Galaxy Metal Products on 14.09.

  • Union Home Minister, Shri Rajnath Singh here today launched two separate portals to strengthen Women Safety. The portal “” will receive complaints from citizens on objectionable online content related to child pornography, child sexual abuse material, sexually explicit material such as rape and gang rape.


    The Ambassador of Japan to India, Mr. Kenji Hiramatsu called on the Union Minister of State for Home Affairs, Shri Kiren Rijiju here today. The two leaders discussed issues of mutual interest including cooperation in infrastructure, bamboo research and application and disaster management.

  • The inaugural Naval Flight Test Seminar was held at Goa today, on 20 Sep 18. The seminar witnessed some intensive brain-storming sessions on flight testing fixed and rotary wing aircraft towards integrating them on the aircraft carrier and small decks.

  • Shri Arjun Ram Meghwal, Minister of State for Parliamentary Affairs, Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation presided over the Prize Distribution Function for the 14th National Youth Parliament Competition, 2017-18 for University and Colleges, held here today.

  • The water storage available in 91 major reservoirs of the country for the week ending on       September 20, 2018 was 120.087 BCM which is 74% of total storage capacity of these reservoirs.

  • Finance Minister Piyush Goyal has said that independent asset management companies (AMCs) and steering committees will be set up for faster resolution...

  • The CBI has charge-sheeted 51 people for alleged rioting at the residence and office of Haryana minister Abhimanyu Singh during protests to demand res...

  • BJP chief Amit Shah will arrive in Kerala today on a day-long visit to gear up the party for the 2019 general elections. BJP sources said, o...

  • Afghan envoy to New Delhi Shaida Abdali has said that India and Afghanistan must stand together to free the two countries from terrorism. Speaking in New Delhi on Monday, Abdali condemned the terror attack in Jalalabad in which several people, including a number of Sikhs, were killed.

  • In Thailand, all 12 boys and their soccer coach have been confirmed alive after going missing in a flooded cave network in northern province.

  • Extending losses for the second session, the rupee weakened by 16 paise to trade at 68.96 against the US dollar in early trade on Tuesday on sustained capital outflows amid strengthening of the American currency overseas.

  • In the FIFA World Cup, Brazil and Belgium registered contrasting victories last night to seal a place in the quarterfinals and set up a last-8 clash on Friday.

  • Dozens were still missing after part of a massive hillside collapsed Thursday on several rural communities near Naga on the tourist island of Cebu. The rescue effort came as the nation was still reeling from Typhoon Mangkhut, which killed 88, mostly in a massive landslide in the country's mountainous north. Rescuers on Cebu pulled 22 bodies from the rubble within 24 hours of the latest disaster, provincial disaster office spokesman Julius Regner said.

     Around 200 police, firemen, and specialists using heavy equipment were still looking for about 50 people, Regner said. "We hope to recover everyone today so as not to prolong the agony of the relatives," he added. Cebu was not directly hit by Mangkhut, the world's strongest typhoon this year, but has been pounded by heavy monsoon rain for days, making the slopes dangerously loose. Police forced about 20 people to vacate nearby homes and move to evacuation centres overnight on Thursday out of concern there could be more landslides, Regner said. The efforts came as searchers in the Philippines' north continued to work to recover the corpses of a suspected dozens of people buried in a landslide unleashed Saturday by Typhoon Mangkhut.

    After days of hundreds of rescuers digging with shovels and even their bare hands in the mining community of Itogon, heavy equipment has finally arrived to help accelerate the search. Small-scale miners and their families were buried after their bunkhouse and other homes were hit by one of the dozens of landslides unleashed as the storm hit the Cordillera mountain range. Most of the 88 people killed by Mangkhut died in landslides in the mountainous gold-mining Cordillera region that includes Itogon. Mangkhut also dumped torrential rains on the key agricultural areas of the Philippines' main northern island of Luzon, causing crop losses that would likely total more than USD 250 million.

  • Bagre Dam is located on the White Volta river that begins in Burkina Faso and which converges with the Black Volta downstream and feeds into Lake Volta in southern Ghana. The authorities open the dam's spillways during annual rains, but the excess volumes of water regularly flood communities along the rivers. People living along the White Volta have been urged to stay away from its banks.Others have been told to move to higher ground.

    Seji Saji, deputy head of Ghana's National Disaster Management Organisation, said the situation was under control and teams were working flat out to reach those affected. "In all we have on record 34 deaths and two people missing. The affected people are over 52,000 and we are still assessing the situation," he added. "All these happened during the time that the river overflowed its banks but the rate of spillage has reduced considerably and fortunately since last week and this week there has not been any heavy rainfall." Ghana's President Nana Akufo-Addo and his government have been criticised for not visiting victims of the floods.

    Aid agency Oxfam's inequality programmes and campaign manager in Ghana, Zakaria Sulemana, said the situation required "high-powered political attention". "People want to hear the president, in fact we should have seen the president visit the area to console them or better still initiate an action to ensure that this does not happen again," he added. Saji said Vice-President Mahamudu Bawumia will be visiting flood victims this weekend. In 1999, flooding in the Upper West, Upper East, Northern and Brong Ahafo and Volta regions of northern Ghana affected more than 300,000 people.

  • Launching two portals on women safety, Singh said a national mission for better synergy among central ministries, states and other stakeholders on the issue will play an active role in setting 1,023 fast track courts. "The task of creating an emergency response support system at a national level based on a helpline number 112 is rapidly progressing. Safe city project approved in eight cities for women safety is also going on," he said.

    The home minister said the government was moving forward towards further reinforcing women security through the national database on sexual offenders and the cybercrime reporting portal. "We have made a different division in the MHA, prioritising women safety. I am confident that these online tools will help the officer prove successful against criminals and be effective," he said. Singh said the government has taken several measures to check crime against women and children, including provision of stringent punishment and creation of modern forensics facilities to improve investigation, creation of the women safety division in the home ministry .

    He said the two portals launched Thursday are part of efforts in the direction of strengthening security of women and children. However, he said, the field level challenges have to be overcome by police at the ground level to ensure speedy justice to victims. The home minister urged law enforcement agencies to fully utilise potential of the two portals and update the database regularly for greater effectiveness. Singh appreciated measures introduced by some of the states to check crimes against women and children and urged them to share the best practices for adoption by others.

    Union Home Secretary Rajiv Gauba highlighted the need for time-bound completion of investigation in sexual crimes to instill deterrence among potential offenders. While appreciating the progress made by Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh Police, he said the ministry will monitor progress in all the states. Singh said the two portals will be extremely helpful to the law enforcement agencies especially in investigation where offenders migrate to other states after committing the crime.

  • Taking to a Facebook blog to reply to Gandhi's charges made during his political rallies, Jaitley said not a single rupee of any debtor has been waived by the BJP government. Loans to the country's 12 defaulters were given out prior to 2014 and it was only the present government which was making recoveries, he said, adding that defaulters are losing their companies and assets as they are being auctioned to recover dues. "You lied on the Rafale deal, you lied on the NPAs. Your temperament to concoct facts raises a legitimate question do people whose natural preference is falsehood deserve to be a part of the public discourse," he said.

    "The world's largest democracy must seriously introspect whether public discourse should be allowed to be polluted by the falsehood of a 'Clown Prince'." Gandhi has repeatedly attacked the Narendra Modi government on the deal to purchase Rafale fighter jets from France, which he claims is being done at more than three times the price the previous UPA government had agreed upon. Also, he has accused the government of waiving Rs 2.5 lakh crore of loans defaulted by top industrialists. Countering his charges, Jaitley in the blog titled - Falsehood of a 'Clown Prince' - said the previous Congress-led UPA government "concealed" the loans despite default by rolling them over and NPAs or bad loans were hidden under the carpet.

    "The truth, Mr Rahul Gandhi, is that your Government allowed the banks to be looted. The loans were inadequately securitized. Your Government was in complicity," he wrote. Jaitley charged Gandhi of "concocting a lie" and repeating it as many times and went on to cite previous arguments he had made to counter the charges on Rafale deal. "In mature democracies, those who rely on falsehood are considered unfit for public life. Many have been banished from political activity because they were caught lying. But this rule obviously can't apply to a dynastic organisation like Congress party," he said. "If the 'Rafale concoctions' were the first big lie, the second one stated repeatedly is that Mr Modi waived off Rs 2.50 lakh crores of 15 industrialists. Every word of that sentence repeatedly uttered by Rahul Gandhi is false."

    Listing out the top 12 defaulters that included likes of Bhushan Steel and Essar Steel, Jaitley said while UPA leaders are claiming that the non-performing assets (NPAs) when they exited the government in 2014 was only Rs 2.5 lakh crore, "the truth is that actually NPAs were hidden under the carpet". "In 2015, an asset quality review (AQR) was conducted by the Reserve Bank of India and as a result of AQR and subsequent transparent recognition by banks it was found that the NPAs were actually Rs 8.96 lakh crores and the real amount was being hidden," he said, adding that the UPA never took effective steps that could result in recovery or reduction of the NPAs. Post-2014-15, NPAs increased not because more monies were lent but because interest was mounting up on the overdue amounts, he said. "Some of the defaulters were given a second restructuring so that the defaults could continue to be hidden".

    An account is a 'performing account' as long as the debt is being serviced by the principal/interest being paid. The moment a debtor is unable to service the debt, a default occurs and on expiry of 90 days an account is declared a non-performing asset. "During the UPA, most of these accounts were not declared as NPAs," Jaitley said, listing Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC) brought by his government as the "only effective move". Under IBC, loan defaulting firms are being auctioned to recover the debt. "The RBI, in the first installment, identified 12 major defaulters. These 12 defaulters, towards principal interest and penal interest, jointly owed about Rs 3 lakh crores to various banks. The banks under UPA took no steps to recover these loans. They did not prosecute a single major debtor who had siphoned off money," he said.

    The BJP-led NDA government, he said, enabled the banks to effectively pursue the recovery. "The recoveries are being done by the banks only now. By repeating a lie on several occasions, you can't change that reality," he said. While the recovery action under IBC has been initiated, some defaulters are being prosecuted, he said. "All these defaulters got their debt in the pre-2014 era. Many got their limits substantially expanded during that period. Though these defaults occurred in the pre-2014 period, the same remained hidden on the pretext of rollover, restructuring, and ever-greening," he said.

  • The suspect was a 26-year-old temporary employee at the Rite Aid distribution center in northeastern Maryland, Harford County Sheriff Jeffrey Gahler told a news conference. She had been taken into custody in critical condition that morning. Her name was not immediately released. It appears only one weapon, a handgun, was used and no shots were fired by responding law enforcement officers, Gahler said.

    The shooter used a 9 mm Glock that was registered in her name, he said. He said authorities don't know her motive. Krystal Watson, 33, said her husband, Eric, works at the facility and told her told her that the suspect had been arguing with somebody else near a time clock after a "Town Hall meeting." "And she went off," she said. Watson said her husband told her the shooting started in a break room. "She didn't have a particular target. She was just shooting," Watson said as she drove away from a fire station where relatives tried to reunite with loved ones. "She didn't aim. She just shot," Watson said.

    Area hospitals reported receiving five patients from the incident. Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center in Baltimore said it was treating four patients with gunshot wounds. Two were in stable condition and two who were seriously injured. A spokesman for a health system that includes Christiana Hospital in Newark, Delaware, said one patient was being treated there. Christiana Care Health System spokesman Hiran Ratnayake said the person was in serious condition. Gahler said the call about shots fired came in at about 9:06 a.m. and deputies and other officers were on the scene in just over five minutes.

    Mike Carre, an employee of a furniture logistics operation next to the distribution center, said he helped tend to a wounded man. Carre locked the doors of his workplace after the injured man came hobbling in, bleeding from his leg. He called 911 from a bathroom before helping colleagues wrap the man's blood-soaked jeans above his injury to cut off blood flow. Carre said the man told him the shooter "just came in in a bad mood this morning. He said she's usually nice. But today, I guess it wasn't her day. She just came in to pick a fight with someone." "She pulled out a gun and she just started shooting at her co-workers." At a nearby fire station, family members were waiting to be reunited with loved ones.

    Police blocked off the road outside but were waving in cars driven by people who said they were there to meet up with people who were at the distribution center. Reggie Rodgriguez's mother works at the distribution center. His wife had tried calling her numerous times but got no answer. "I was calling her all morning. It went to voicemail because they keep their phones in lockers," said Kelly Rodriguez, 40. When they finally reached his mother Thursday afternoon, Reggie Rodriguez said, "That's all I wanted to do: Hear her voice." His mother was uninjured. He said she sounded relieved the crisis was over.

    A law enforcement official said authorities were working their way through the distribution center to clear the facility. "We obviously need to methodically go through the entire complex, ensure there are no other victims inside, ensure that there is no one that was hiding from violence and ensure that there were no other suspects," said Christie Hopkins is communications director for the sheriff's office. "At this time, we are confident that the suspect acted alone. And that person is in custody. We do not believe there is any further threat to the community now, but we still have to completely clear that building."

    The attack came nearly three months after a man armed with a shotgun attacked a newspaper office in Annapolis, Maryland, killing five staff members. Authorities accused Jarrod W. Ramos of attacking The Capital Gazette because of a longstanding grudge against the paper. Susan Henderson, spokesman for the drugstore chain Rite Aid, described the warehouse as a support facility adjacent to a larger building. Harford County Executive Barry Glassman said that unfortunately, incidents like this are "becoming a too-often occurrence not only in Harford County but in the country."

  • External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj will meet her Pakistani counterpart Shah Mahmood Qureshi on the sidelines of United Nations General Assembly, UNGA meeting in New York. 

    MEA Spokesperson Raveesh Kumar said, the two Foreign Ministers will meet at a convenient time and date. On a query,  the spokesperson said, the meeting should not be seen as a resumption of dialogue between the two sides. 

    Kumar also confirmed that the issue of Gurudwara Kartarpur Sahib will be raised during the meeting between the two foreign Ministers.

    On reported mutilation of a BSF soldier's body on the border with Pakistan, Raveesh Kumar said, the Ministry is ascertaining the facts. He said, the barbaric incident not only defies logic but also violates all international norms.

    On a question, the spokesperson said, the extradition request regarding Mehul Choksi is currently being considered by Antigua and Barbuda government. 

    Asked about Presidential elections in the Maldives, the spokesperson said, India is following the upcoming polls there and hoped that the elections will be conducted in a free and fair manner. 

  • Chief Justice Om Prakash Mishra administered the oath of office and secrecy to Mr. Ghimire in the presence of President Bidya Devi Bhandari in Kathmandu this evening. The Prime Minister K.P. Sharma Oli, House of Representatives Speaker Krishna Bahadur Mahara, Minister for Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs Bhanubhakta Dhakal and other dignitaries were also present on the occasion.

    Earlier in the day, Parliamentary Hearing Committee unanimously endorsed Mr.Ghimire's name for the post of Chief Commissioner. He was working as acting chief of CIAA since February 2018. 

  • Delivering a lecture on " Nepal, India and Neighbourhood:The Promise of Economic Reforms, Innovation and Connectivity" in Kathmandu this evening, Dr. Kumar said India is entering into a period where double digit growth could be achieved. 

    He said Prime Minister Narendra Modi has insisted on converting development into a mass movement and first time leadership and people of the country have realized the importance of participative development.

    Dr. Kumar said that Prime Minister Modi is inordinately committed to improve relationship with the neighbourhood. Dr. Kumar said that India Nepal relations are age old and there is huge potential to further enhance it. 

    He said NITI Aayog has started Atal Innovation Mission to inculcate innovative spirit among students and two thousand Atal Tinkering Labs have been established in schools. Dr. Kumar suggested that similar labs can also be set up in Nepali schools.

    He said significant efforts are being made to increase connectivity with Nepal. The lecture was organised by Institute for Integrated Development Studies, Kathmandu University and Barbara Foundation. 

  • The facilities provided at the centre will be on par with the best in the world in size and quality, offering setting for international and national events, meetings, conferences, exhibitions and trade shows, the ministry said in a statement.

    "It will rank among the top 10 in the world and the biggest indoor exhibition space in India," it said adding the project is expected to generate over 5 lakh employment opportunities.

    The project is planned over an area of 221.37 acre in Sector 25, Dwarka, at an estimated cost of Rs 25,703 crore.

    IICC will be an integrated complex with facilities like exhibition halls, convention centre, open exhibition spaces, mixed use commercial spaces like star hotels (5, 4 and 3 star), retail services and high-end offices. The construction will be in line with green building principles and Indian Green Building Council (IGBC) Platinum rating standards. The convention centre can accommodate 11,000 persons, 5 exhibition halls, 1-kilometre long foyer, multi-purpose arena with retractable roof. It will be developed in two phases.

    Phase-I and II will be completed by December 2019 and December 2024, respectively.

  • The Prime Minister recalled his recent interaction with the ASHA and Anganwadi workers across the country, via video conference.

    He appreciated the experiences and personal accounts that had been shared by ASHA representatives that day, and said that these will surely prove inspirational for many. 

     ASHA activists shared some more accounts of how they had been instrumental in saving lives of poor mothers and children through timely intervention. 

    The Prime Minister appreciated the skill and dedication of ASHA workers, and recalled that even Bill and Melinda Gates had praised the efforts of ASHAs towards eradication of diseases such as Kala Azar. 

    He encouraged them to devote their energies to work in coordination with other government agencies to improve the quality of life in their villages. He also explained how government schemes and initiatives are all aimed at empowering the poor to fight poverty. 

    Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare J.P. Nadda was also present on the occasion.   

  • The 63-year-old conservative secured 553 votes against 254 won by former defence minister Shigeru Ishiba, a hawkish self-confessed "military geek", in a two-horse race for leader of the Liberal Democratic Party.

    The win effectively hands Abe three more years as PM, giving him the chance of breaking the record for the nation's longest serving premiership held by Taro Katsura, a revered politician who served three times between 1901 and 1913.

    Public support for Abe -- a political thoroughbred whose grandfather and father both held power -- has recovered after he managed to survive a series of cronyism and cover-up scandals. Now reconfirmed in power, Abe will head to New York this weekend to attend the UN General Assembly and hold a summit with US President Donald Trump.

    Abe and Trump, who enjoy each other's company on the golf course and are close diplomatic allies, are expected to analyse the latest inter-Korean summit. But they will also have to confront a growing trade dispute as Trump sees Tokyo among "unfair" trade partners.

    While Japanese voters put the economy and social security as their top priorities, Abe aims to use the election to push his dream of reforming the country's post-World War II pacifist constitution. Nationalist Abe has frequently voiced his wish to rewrite the charter, imposed by the victorious US occupiers, which forces the country to "forever renounce war" and dictates that armed forces will "never be maintained".

    Abe insists any changes would merely remove the country's well-equipped Self-Defense Forces from the constitutional paradox whereby they should not technically exist. "It's time to stipulate both the Self-Defense Forces and the protection of Japan's peace and independence in the constitution," Abe said in his last stump speech in Tokyo. But any changes to the text would be hugely sensitive in pacifist Japan and almost certainly greeted with fury in China and the Koreas, 20th-century victims of Japanese military aggression.

    Even if Abe manages to force a revision through parliament, he would face a referendum, raising the prospect of a Brexit-style political meltdown if the people vote against him, said Yu Uchiyama, political scientist from the University of Tokyo.

    In addition, surveys show that tinkering with the legal text is far from top of most Japanese voters' to-do list, as the country faces an ageing and declining population and a still-sluggish economy. Acknowledging concerns over the economic outlook, Abe said he plans to introduce "bold" stimulus measures to ease the expected impact of a tax hike scheduled for October next year. Japan's economy has been expanding for the past few years at a slow pace thanks to the Bank of Japan's ultra-loose monetary policy and huge government spending, which have led to a weak yen -- a key positive element for Japanese exporters.

    But analysts warned US-led trade wars could be a major risk factor for an economy still struggling to win a long battle against deflation. Local media said Abe plans to reshuffle his cabinet on October 1.

    However, he is expected to retain Vice Prime Minister and Finance Minister Taro Aso, a political ally who has backed his "Abenomics" strategy to stimulate the world's third-largest economy. 

  • Social media landscape in India evolved since 2014 when a majority of the tweets on Twitter were from the English-speaking urban population, says the study conducted by Joyojeet Pal and Liz Bozarth from the University of Michigan.

    Hindi language tweets are more likely to be shared and favorited in India when compared to English, said the study. A key indicator of this shift is that 11 of the 15 most retweeted messages by Indian politicians in the last year have been in Hindi. 

    The study states that the Bharatiya Janata Party leads significantly in terms of social media following. "While the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party still leads significantly in terms of social media, other parties are also recognising the role of the social media in political outreach," said Pal, an assistant professor at U-M's School of Information and the lead author of the study.

    Non-Hindi regional language tweets do not perform as good as either Hindi or English.

    Pal and doctoral student Lia Bozarth aggregated 274 politicians and political accounts based on two key attributes -- politicians' status as party leaders or official post in the party machinery and significant online following, typically with 50,000 followers or more. While the language use on social media does not map onto the language preference of a politician's electoral constituents, the research says that it serves as an indicator of who the politician is speaking to online.

    "Language can also be an indicator of the kind of emotion being expressed. Some of the most retweeted messages in Hindi have sarcasm or insults," Pal said, adding that this aligns with previous research that stronger emotions are more likely to be in local language than in English," he said.

    "We are moving closer to an era in which politicians can actively switch to communicating with their constituents directly through social media, bypassing the traditional news media altogether," Pal said. 

  • The contribution will help reduce carbon footprint and promote sustainable energy, India's Permanent Representative to the UN Ambassador Syed Akbaruddin said in a tweet.

    He said that India is the "first responder" to Secretary-General Antonio Guterres' call for climate action. "India funds solar project @UN Hqrs to reduce carbon footprint & promote sustainable energy," Akbaruddin said, referring to India's contribution of USD 1 million to the UN Headquarters' Solar Project, in which solar panels will be installed on the roof of the imposing UN headquarters.

    "I thank Ambassador @AkbaruddinIndia @IndiaUNNewYork for India's generous contribution for the installation of solar panels on the roof of the @UN conference building. A strong message promoting #Innovation for action on #climatechange #efficiency," Under-Secretary-General for Management Jan Beagle said in a tweet, expressing gratitude to Akbaruddin and the Permanent Mission of India to the UN.

    In June, Akbaruddin said during a session on World Environment Day that India intends to partner with the UN Secretariat to use renewable solar energy at the UN premises.

    He had expressed hope that by the next World Environment Day, solar energy would be part of the energy mix used in the UN building.