Galvanizing Organic Bio-Agro Resources Dhan (GOBARdhan) is a vital umbrella initiative of Government of India, based on the whole of Government approach and aims to convert waste to wealth towards promoting circular economy. Government of India intends to build a robust ecosystem for setting up Biogas/Compressed Biogas (CBG)/ Bio-Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) plants to drive sustainable economic growth and promote a circular economy. As the nodal department for GOBARdhan, Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DDWS), Ministry of Jal Shakti has developed a portal.
This initiative encompasses a wide range of schemes, programs, and policies designed to facilitate the conversion of organic waste such as cattle dung and agricultural residues into biogas, CBG, and Bio-CNG. It includes schemes and programs from various ministries and departments, such as the Waste to Energy Scheme by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, the SATAT (Sustainable Alternative Towards Affordable Transportation) scheme by the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, the SBM(G) Phase II program by the DDWS, the Agri Infrastructure Fund (AIF) by the Department of Agriculture Cooperation & Farmers Welfare, and the Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development Fund (AHIDF) by the Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairy. GOBARdhan is being implemented in collaboration with state governments and the private sector, including entrepreneurs and societies. Any plant or project that produces CBG/biogas (with a daily output exceeding 10 cubic meters) and bio slurry as primary outputs is eligible to be a part of GOBARdhan.
The GOBARdhan initiative has been conceived to make a substantial contribution to India's climate action objectives, particularly the goal of achieving net-zero emissions by 2070. With the world's largest livestock population, India generates significant quantities of animal waste. The CBG/biogas sector can play a pivotal role in India's transition to clean energy, ensuring energy security and affordability, fostering entrepreneurship, creating rural employment opportunities, and stimulating local economies. The shift towards CBG/biogas has the potential to generate jobs for semi-skilled and skilled labor across various areas, including waste collection, operations, and construction. It will benefit rural communities in general and women in particular, providing them with access to clean fuel, improved hygiene in villages, and subsequently, better health outcomes by reducing the incidence of vector-borne and respiratory diseases. Moreover, this initiative aligns with the nation's endeavors to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), including SDG 3 (Good Health and Wellbeing), SDG 6 (Clean Water & Sanitation), SDG 7 (Affordable & Clean Energy), SDG 13 (Climate Action), and others. Furthermore, it significantly contributes to the circular economy and the Government of India's Mission LiFE.
Objectives of GOBARdhan
- To support villages, safely manage their cattle and agricultural waste,and make the villages clean.
- To support communities in converting cattle and organic waste into wealth using treatment systems.
- To convert organic waste, especially cattle waste, to biogas and organic manure for use in rural areas.
- To promote environmental sanitation and curb vector-borne diseases through effective disposal of waste in rural areas.
- To promote rural employment and income generation opportunities by involving entrepreneurs, SHGs and youth groups insetting up, operation and managing GOBARdhan units.
Guiding Principles of GOBARdhan Implementation
- Implement GOBARdhan
- Popularize the compelling business case for safe management of cattle dung and other organic waste among rural population by state, district and block adminstration
- Promote the business case and community collective action on GOBARdhan through intensive IEC at the local level
- Initially prioritize villages with high cattle population
- Enable usage of the financial provision of Rs.50 lakhs by several villages in a district
- Create infrastructure that would enable it to be owned, operated and managed by the community themselves
- For Individual Household Model: Individual Households identified by the Gram Panchayats.
- For Cluster Model: Cluster of Households identified by the Gram Panchayats, in association with Cooperatives, Milk Unions, Farmer Producer Organizations (FPOs), SHGs, CBOs developed under DAY-NRLM, Private entrepreneurs, etc. These households should have a minimum of 3 to 4 cattle.
- For Community Model: Households identified by the Gram Panchayats.
- For Commercial Model: Entrepreneurs/Cooperatives/Gaushalas/Dairies, etc. are eligible to setup large biogas/Compressed Bio-gas (CBG) plants
- Villages with a high population of cattle should be taken on priority.