Mahatma Gandhi was born as an ordinary man yet his extraordinary deeds and non-violence philosophy changed the world we see today. Gandhiji's fight for freedom and peace gave voice to many landmark movements in India and South Africa as well. The National Portal of India pays a Heart-warming Tribute to 'Bapu' on his Birth Anniversary through this special Spotlight.
Walk through the Life and Times of Mahatma Gandhi
Birth of Mahatma
On 2 October, 1869, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi popularly known as Mahatma Gandhi was born in Porbandar, Gujarat.
Gandhiji's mother Putlibai
Bapu was straight and true as steel, known for his steadfastness and loyalty. A little house where Bapu was born is now a memorial temple, known as Kirti Mandir.
Gandhiji's wife Kasturba Gandhi
Kasturba Gandhi was born on 11th April, 1869 in Porbandar to a rich businessman Gokuladas Makhanji. In the first few years of her marriage, Gandhiji decided to teach Kasturba to read and write.
Gandhiji's Primary School, Rajkot
After the high school, Mohandas joined the Samaldas College in Bhavnagar where he found the course difficult and the atmosphere uncongenial.
Pietermaritzburg Railway Station
South Africa was a turning point in Gandhiji's life. It confronted him with many unusual experiences and challenges, and profoundly transformed Bapu's life.
Beginning of Satyagraha
Gandhiji suspended his South African struggle after paving a way for the Indian Relief Act. He received hero's welcome upon returning to India from South Africa in January, 1915.
Gandhi, the exponent of the Satyagraha movement, staged his first Satyagraha in Champaran, Bihar. It was in 1917. The poor peasants, the indigo growers, of the district invited Gandhi to see the grievances of the exploited peasants there.
The Gandhi Era of the Indian Independence Movement begins with the Non-Cooperation Movement in 1920. The main idea of the Non-Cooperation Movement in India was based on the nonviolent resistance to the British Government and Civil Disobedience.
Gandhiji's autobiography 'The Story of My Experiments with Truth' was published in 1927. Within a span of three and a half years, 3 lakh copies were sold. The autobiography was also translated in many Indian and foreign languages.
Salt Satyagraha - Dandi March
The Salt Satyagraha was a campaign of nonviolent protest against the British Salt Tax in colonial India which began with the Salt March to Dandi on March 12, 1930.
Fast for a Cause
Gandhiji was in prison when the Communal Award was announced in August 1932, providing for the introduction of separate electorate for the Depressed Classes.
Quit India Resolution
In 1942, his 'Quit India' slogan was to serve as the final signal to British dominion in India. The partition of India and Pakistan came as a personal shock to Gandhiji.
Gandhiji's wife Kasturba Gandhi
Kasturba suffered from chronic bronchitis. Stress from the Quit India Movement's arrests and hard life at Sabarmati Ashram caused her to fall ill. She was cremated at Aga Khan Palace Prison.
The last journey
Ten days after a bomb was thrown at him, Nathu Ram Godse came to Gandhiji's prayer meeting on the evening of January 30, 1948 whipped out his pistol and fired three shots on Gandhiji's chest. Gandhiji fell instantly with the words 'Hey Ram' (Oh! God). Bapu was cremated on the banks of the Yamuna.
Gandhi Smriti, housed in the Old Birla House on 5, Tees January Marg, New Delhi, is the sacred place where Gandhiji's epic life ended. Gandhiji had lived in this house from 9 September 1947 to 30 January 1948.
International Day of Non-Violence
'Gandhi Jayanti' is celebrated every year to mark the birth anniversary of Gandhiji, fondly known as 'Bapu' or 'Father of the Nation' in India. Gandhiji is a symbol of peace and humanity.
Thoughts of Mahatma Gandhi
"Ahimsa is the highest duty. Even if we cannot practice it in full, we must try to understand its spirit and refrain as far as is humanly possible from violence."
"Live as if you were to die tomorrow. Learn as if you were to live forever."
"Freedom is not worth having if it does not include the freedom to make mistakes."
"It is better to be violent, if there is violence in our hearts, than to put on the cloak of nonviolence to cover impotence."
"It is unwise to be too sure of one's own wisdom. It is healthy to be reminded that the strongest might weaken and the wisest might err."
"You must not lose faith in humanity. Humanity is an ocean; if a few drops of the ocean are dirty, the ocean does not become dirty."
"Honest differences are often a healthy sign of progress."
- Gandhi Heritage Portal
- Gandhi Smriti and Darshan Samiti
- International Day of Non-violence
- Gandhiji in pictures
- Films on Gandhiji's Life
- Gandhiji's Cartoons
- Gandhiji's Audio
- Gandhiji's Stamps
- Collected Works of Gandhiji
- Gandhijis' Journals